Conducting A Case Study
The Case Study as a Research Method - UT iSchool
Conducting A Case Study
The researcher examines raw data using many interpretations in order to find linkages between the research object and the outcomes with reference to the original research questions. Critics of the case study method believe that the study of a small number of cases can offer no grounds for establishing reliability or generality of findings. Researchers use the quantitative data that has been collected to corroborate and support the qualitative data which is most useful for understanding the rationale or theory underlying relationships.
Researchers pay particular attention to displaying sufficient evidence to gain the readers confidence that all avenues have been explored, clearly communicating the boundaries of the case, and giving special attention to conflicting propositions. After investigators are trained, the final advance preparation step is to select a pilot site and conduct a pilot test using each data gathering method so that problematic areas can be uncovered and corrected. Social scientists, in particular, have made wide use of this qualitative research method to examine contemporary real-life situations and provide the basis for the application of ideas and extension of methods.
Once the surveys are returned, the researcher codes and enters the data into the database so that it can be used independently as well as integrated when the case study progresses to the point of cross-case examination of data for all four cases. A key strength of the case study method involves using multiple sources and techniques in the data gathering process. Reports on case studies from many disciplines are widely available in the literature.
In those cases, the investigator conducts follow-up focused interviews to confirm or correct the initial data in order to tie the evidence to the findings and to state relationships in answer to the research questions. The program also trains investigators to understand how the gathering of data using multiple techniques strengthens the study by providing opportunities for triangulation during the analysis phase of the study. Since data to be collected and examined includes organizational documents, the researcher states his intent to request copies of these documents, and plans for storage, classification, and retrieval of these items, as well as the interview and survey data.
For example, case study research could examine how information-seeking behavior in public libraries compares with information-seeking behavior in places other than libraries, to conduct in-depth studies of non-library community based information services to compare with library based community information services, and to study community networks based in libraries. Whilst a pure scientist is trying to prove or disprove a , a case study might introduce new and unexpected results during its course, and lead to research taking new directions. The investigator reviews the purpose of the study with the entire board, schedules individual interview times with as many board members as can cooperate, confirms key contact data, and requests that all board members respond to the written survey which will be mailed later.
Case studies are complex because they generally involve multiple sources of data, may include multiple cases within a study, and produce large amounts of data for analysis. It is important to ensure that you realize that a case study cannot be generalized to fit a whole population or ecosystem. For psychologists, anthropologists and social scientists they have been regarded as a method of research for many years. One researcher then examines the data of that type thoroughly. Many well-known case study researchers such as robert e.
Case Study Research Design - How to conduct a Case Study
What is a Case Study? Basically, a case study is an in depth study of a particular situation rather than a sweeping statistical survey. It is a method used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one easily researchable topic.
Conducting A Case Study
The Case Study as a Research Method - UT iSchool
12 Feb 2006 ... The Case Study as a Research Method. Determine and define the research questions. Select the cases and determine data gathering and analysis techniques. Prepare to collect the data. Collect data in the field. Evaluate and analyze the data. Prepare the report.
Conducting A Case Study
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How to Do Case Study Research - ScholarWor[email protected] Amherst
The program covers protocols for case study research, including time deadlines, formats for narrative reporting and field notes, guidelines for collection of documents, and guidelines for field procedures to be used. Focused, short, repeat interviews may be necessary to gather additional data to verify key observations or check a fact. Exemplary case study design ensures that the procedures used are well documented and can be repeated with the same results over and over again. Finally, one peripheral point is that, when informing others of your results, case studies make more interesting topics than purely statistical surveys, something that has been realized by teachers and magazine editors for many years. Reliability refers to the stability, accuracy, and precision of measurement.
Tools to collect data can include surveys, interviews, documentation review, observation, and even the collection of physical artifacts. Case study results relate directly to the common readers everyday experience and facilitate an understanding of complex real-life situations. Selecting multiple or single cases is a key element, but a case study can include more than one unit of embedded analysis. Case studies are complex because they generally involve multiple sources of data, may include multiple cases within a study, and produce large amounts of data for analysis. It is a method used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one easily researchable topic.
The outline of the report includes thanking all of the participants, stating the problem, listing the research questions, describing the methods used to conduct the research and any potential flaws in the method used, explaining the data gathering and analysis techniques used, and concluding with the answers to the questions and suggestions for further research. It is valid to conduct case studies but they should be tied in with more general statistical processes. Case study research, with its applicability across many disciplines, is an appropriate methodology to use in library studies. Critics of the case study method believe that the study of a small number of cases can offer no grounds for establishing reliability or generality of findings. In library and information science, case study research has been used to study reasons why library school programs close (paris, 1988), to examine reference service practices in university library settings (lawson, 1971), and to examine how questions are negotiated between customers and librarians (taylor, 1967). You are much more of an observer than an experimenter and you must remember that, even in a multi-subject case, each case must be treated individually and then cross case analyzing results for a case study tends to be more opinion based than statistical methods. Throughout the evaluation and analysis process, the researcher remains open to new opportunities and insights. For example, case study research could examine how information-seeking behavior in public libraries compares with information-seeking behavior in places other than libraries, to conduct in-depth studies of non-library community based information services to compare with library based community information services, and to study community networks based in libraries. Specific techniques include placing information into arrays, creating matrices of categories, creating flow charts or other displays, and tabulating frequency of events. Exemplary case studies carefully select cases and carefully examine the choices available from among many research tools available in order to increase the validity of the study.Case study as a research method is often indexed in most undergraduate
research textbooks .... necessary elements in the proper conduct of students'
Conducting Case StudiesURBP 298. Prepared by Shishir Mathur. 1 of 3. Conducting Case Studies. Topics
Covered: • Purpose of conducting case studies. • What is the unit of study?
Transitional Words For Essay
Strategic Case Study
Conduct A Case Study
Cases Of Study
Case Study Weaknesses
Meaning Of Case Study
A useful step in the selection process is to repeatedly refer back to the purpose of the study in order to focus attention on where to look for cases and evidence that will satisfy the purpose of the study and answer the research questions posed. Researchers could use the case study method to further study the role of the librarian in implementing specific models of service. Use, appraisal, and research a case study of social history towards a science of the singular essays about case study in educational research and evaluation. The advantages of the case study method are its applicability to real-life, contemporary, human situations and its public accessibility through written reports. Careful definition of the questions at the start pinpoints where to look for evidence and helps determine the methods of analysis to be used in the study Buy now Conducting A Case Study
Rethinking the library in the information age issues in library research proposals for the 1990s. Social scientists, in particular, have made wide use of this qualitative research method to examine contemporary real-life situations and provide the basis for the application of ideas and extension of methods. They record testimonies, stories, and illustrations which can be used in later reports. Whilst it will not answer a question completely, it will give some indications and allow further elaboration and the case study research design is also useful for testing whether scientific theories and models actually work in the real world. During the report preparation process, researchers critically examine the document looking for ways the report is incomplete Conducting A Case Study Buy now
In general, electronic community networks have three distinct types of users, each one a good candidate for case study research. Whilst many physical scientists avoid case studies, for psychology, anthropology and ecology they are an essential tool. The researcher develops a formal investigator training program to include seminar topics on non-profit organizations and their structures in each of the four categories selected for this study. You can use it freely (with some kind of link), and were also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations (with clear attribution). Case studies emphasize detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions and their relationships Buy Conducting A Case Study at a discount
Yin have written about case study research and suggested techniques for organizing and conducting the research successfully. Conflicting perceptions, on the other hand, cause the researchers to pry more deeply. The advantage of the case study research design is that you can focus on specific and interesting cases. The researcher mails written surveys to all board members with a requested return date and a stamped return envelope. Researchers prepare databases to assist with categorizing, sorting, storing, and retrieving data for analysis.
The researcher begins with a review of the literature to determine what prior studies have determined about this issue and uses the literature to define the following questions for the study of the non-profit organizations providing information to the electronic community network how do non-profit organization participants determine what to place on the electronic community network? Do the non-profit organization participants believe the community network serves a useful purpose in furthering their mission? How? Step 2 Buy Online Conducting A Case Study
The research object in a case study is often a program, an entity, a person, or a group of people. Specific techniques include placing information into arrays, creating matrices of categories, creating flow charts or other displays, and tabulating frequency of events. Focused, short, repeat interviews may be necessary to gather additional data to verify key observations or check a fact. For example, if an anthropologist were to live amongst a remote tribe, whilst their observations might produce no quantitative data, they are still useful to science. Study research design the case study research design have evolved over the past few years as a useful tool for investigating trends and specific situations in many scientific disciplines Buy Conducting A Case Study Online at a discount
Exemplary case studies use field notes and databases to categorize and reference data so that it is readily available for subsequent reinterpretation. When the multiple observations converge, confidence in the findings increases. Select the cases and determine data gathering and analysis techniques many communities have constructed electronic community networks on the world wide web. Field notes should be kept separate from the data being collected and stored for analysis. Researchers categorize, tabulate, and recombine data to address the initial propositions or purpose of the study, and conduct cross-checks of facts and discrepancies in accounts.
In this case, the investigator decides to also conduct open-ended interviews with key members of each organization using a check-list to guide interviewers during the interview process so that uniformity and consistency can be assured in the data, which could include facts, opinions, and unexpected insights Conducting A Case Study For Sale
The researcher instead decides to survey all board members of the selected organizations using a questionnaire as a third data gathering tool. During the report preparation process, researchers critically examine the document looking for ways the report is incomplete. After investigators are trained, the final advance preparation step is to select a pilot site and conduct a pilot test using each data gathering method so that problematic areas can be uncovered and corrected. Constantly refer back to your bullet points so that you do not lose focus. Internal validity (especially important with explanatory or causal studies) demonstrates that certain conditions lead to other conditions and requires the use of multiple pieces of evidence from multiple sources to uncover convergent lines of inquiry For Sale Conducting A Case Study
Case study research generally answers one or more questions which begin with how or why. Dont have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. The researcher examines raw data using many interpretations in order to find linkages between the research object and the outcomes with reference to the original research questions. Case study research is flexible, but when changes are made, they are documented systematically. The other main thing to remember during case studies is their flexibility.
Many well-known case study researchers such as robert e. Researchers use the quantitative data that has been collected to corroborate and support the qualitative data which is most useful for understanding the rationale or theory underlying relationships Sale Conducting A Case Study
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